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Schizotypal personality disorder

Schizotypal personality disorder

Schizophrenic personality disorder is a more common personality disorder in daily life and in medical psychological consultation clinics.

According to the Shanghai Youth Health Survey data, schizotypal personality disorder accounts for about 29% of the total number of personality disorders, which is close to 1/3.

l In 975, the famous psychiatrist Rosenthal pointed out that this type of people accounted for about 7.5% of the normal population, and more men than women.

  I. Performance characteristics The characteristics of schizophrenic personality disorder in the Chinese Classification Scheme and Diagnostic Standards for Mental Illness (CCMD-2R) are: 1.
Have strange beliefs or behaviors that are not commensurate with the cultural background, such as believing in perspective, telepathy, specific functions, and the sixth sense.

  2.Strange, abnormal or special behaviors or appearances, such as fancy dress, unscrupulous behavior, outdated behavior, unclear habits or purpose.

  3.Weird words, such as digression, unnecessary words, simplification, and unclear expression of opinions, are not caused by factors such as education or mental retardation.

  4.Unusual perceptual experiences, such as transient illusions, hallucinations, seeing people who do not exist.

  5.Indifferent to people, no exception to relatives, generally warm and considerate.

  6.Indifferent expression, lack of deep or creative emotional experience.

  7.There are many separate activities, and active contact with people is limited to the necessary contacts in life or work. There are no close friends except first-degree relatives.

  Patients with at least three of the above symptoms can be diagnosed with schizophrenia.

It can be ground from the above diagnostic criteria. Patients with schizotypal personality disorder mainly show a lack of tenderness and difficulty in establishing deep emotional connections with others. Therefore, their interpersonal relationships are generally poor.

They seem to be extraordinary, unable to enjoy all the pleasures of the world, such as the blending of husband and wife, the joy of family reunion, etc., but also lack the ability to express human delicate emotions.

Therefore, most patients with schizophrenia are single.

Even if they are married, they often end in divorce.

Generally speaking, such people are also indifferent to the opinions of others, and they are indifferent whether it is praise or criticism.
Live-a lonely life.

Some of them may have some hobbies, but most of them are quiet, passive activities such as reading, enjoying music, thinking, etc. Some people may indulge in a certain profession all their lives and achieve greater achievements.

But in general, the lives of such people are bland, to the point of lack of novelty and independence, and it is difficult to adapt to the changing modern social life.

  The sexual apathy of this group of people is also quite prominent, they can be called “not close to women” model.

The inner world is extremely broad, and often wants to get into trouble, but often lacks the corresponding emotional content and lacks initiative.

They always deal with the environment indifferently and evade reality in a way that “sees nothing for the better,” but their uncontested appearance cannot suppress their inner worry and hostile pain.

  People with a split personality can adapt to jobs with few people, such as library books, mountain farms, forest farms, etc. They are more likely to engage in education and live in seclusion, but it is difficult to adapt to occasions with many people and work that requires communication.

  Schizophrenia is easily reminiscent of another word: schizophrenia.

It is generally believed that schizotypal personality is likely to induce schizophrenia, but there has been no shocking proof of service.

Some scholars have shown that most patients with schizophrenia have schizophrenia before their illness, while other scholars have found that after 15 to 20 years of continuous observation of patients with schizophrenia, there are very few patients with schizophrenia and schizophreniaNor does the sera have the characteristics of more schizophrenic patients in the more normal normal population.

Therefore, the relationship between schizophrenia and schizophrenia and heredity has yet to be confirmed.

  The formation of schizotypal personality disorder is generally related to people’s early psychological development.

Human beings cannot be independent for a long time after they are born. They need the care of their parents. In this process, the relationship between children and parents occupies an important position. Children establish their own early personality in the relationship with their parents.

In the process of growing up, even if each child is unavoidably subject to some criticism, as long as he feels that someone around him loves him, there will be no psychological deviation.

But if they are continually scolded and criticized all the time, and they do not get the love of their parents, children will feel worthless.

Furthermore, if parents are unfair to their children, children will be identified as non-conceptuals, and psychological concerns and hostility will be generated. Some children will be separated and independent, avoiding physical and emotional contact with parents, and robes will avoid other people.Contact with things, so it is easy to form a split-like personality.

  Second, the treatment goals for the treatment of schizotypal personality disorder are to correct loneliness, apathy, and separation from the surrounding environment.

The specific methods are as follows: 1.Social training method.

Prediction and correction of loneliness and disassociation are generally performed according to the following steps: (1) Improve cognitive ability, understand loneliness and disassociation, serious introverted harm, and consciously interfere with psychological training.

At the same time explain the training methods, steps, objectives and precautions, and require active cooperation.

  (2) Establish a social training score sheet.
Self-scoring, daily summary, weekly summary.

8-12 weeks is a course of treatment.
Practitioners (doctors, experts, parents, etc.) check the records weekly and make evaluations.

  Self-scoring criteria: No change in o-point training, 1 point slightly improved, willingness to participate in social networking, and contact and dialogue, but the contact dialogue is still reluctant and rigid.

  2 points marked progress, able to take the initiative to contact and talk to people, the importance of loneliness has changed more than 50%.

  3 points of loneliness and disassociation basically disappeared.

  (3) Scoring calculation and incentive measures.

The minimum daily score is o points, the highest is 3 points, and the highest weekly point is 18 points.

If the course is 8 weeks, the total score is 144 points.

It is usually based on rewards and praises, and it is important to affirm every bit of progress and strengthen it to encourage self-confidence.

Reward methods can usually use cash, tokens, gifts of favorite living and study items, allow regular outings, and so on.

Do n’t violate laws and regulations because there is no progress or small progress, so as not to cause patients’ psychological resentment and loss of confidence in themselves.

  (4) Training insiders and goals: The training content ranges from simple to complex, from easy to difficult.

At the beginning, the governor and the trainee jointly agreed to take a friend (classmate or colleague) as the object of conversation, and each time asked to take the initiative to talk with him for 5 minutes.Talk casually more harmoniously.

The elderly gradually increased the time of conversation (from 5 minutes to 20 minutes, and then to half an hour); the subject increased from 1 to 5 people.

After successful training, change the training content, encourage them to turn to actively participate in collective activities, and pay attention to real life.

  2.Interest cultivation method.

Interest refers to the cognitive tendency to actively explore something and give priority attention to it, and has a good emotion that yearns for.

Therefore, interest cultivation helps to overcome the indifferent and indifferent personality.

The specific methods are as follows: (1) Raise awareness.

I need to consciously analyze myself to determine the ideal pursuit of a positive life.

It should be taken to understand the truth that life is an endless and enjoyable journey. Every individual should be like a fun traveller, like admiring the universe, and traveling on the road of fun and joy every momentIn this way can be full of life fun and vitality.

  (2) Social practice.

It is necessary to create conditions, consciously contact the actual life of society, expand the amount of social information received, and arouse similarities.

  (3) Participate in interest group activities.

This is a better form of cultivating interests, with painting, singing, dancing, art, physical exercise, and scientific activities.